Eyewitness Identification Under Stress
Write-up of a UK study on stress that supports previous findings that high levels of stress dramatically decrease the reliability of eyewitness IDs. The researchers observed a "catastrophic failure of identification" for individuals in the high-stress condition.
Jurors: What Do They Understand about Eyewitness Reliability?
Courts regularly make unsubstantiated assertions that jurors understand, as a matter of common sense, how memory works and what its limitations are in the eyewitness identification context. This article disproves such judicial assertions by presenting the results of a survey of potential jurors’ understanding of eyewitness reliability — a powerful tool for defense attorneys anywhere who want to get expert testimony admitted.
Lineup Composition, Suspect Position, and the Sequential Lineup Advantage. (Article Abstract - full article available for purchase).
Authors argue that sequential lineups reduce the likelihood of mistaken eyewitness identification. Results suggest that the sequential lineup advantage is dependent on lineup composition and suspect position.
- California: Report & Recommendations Regarding Eye Witness Identification Procedures
- California: Tentative Recommendations Regarding False Confessions
- California, Santa Clara: Lineup Protocols
- Massachusetts, Northhampton: Eyewitness Identification Procedure
- Massachusetts, Suffolk County: Report of the Taskforce on Eyewitness Evidence
- Wisconsin: Model Policy and Procedure for Eyewitness Identification
People v. Legrand
This case comments on and allows the use of eyewitness identification expert testimony, and is one of a growing number of cases recognizing misidentification as one of the top three causes of wrongful conviction.
Understand the Causes: Eyewitness Misidentification (The Innocence Project)